Prototypes were being tested by 1980, and in 1982 a production version was offered for sale in Europe. Power output from the little 2. The 228 was introduced in Turin Motor Show in 1986, it was built longer four door chassis and has bigger 2. Elsewhere, a 430 4v was introduced for the 1991 model year, with a 2. A single 2-barrel Weber carburetor topped off the engine.
The engine was derived and heavily modified from the 2. They produce two products - the almost criminally good-looking Gran Turismo and the equally seductive Quattroporte. On the other hand, the electronic fuel injection ensures the V6 Maserati always works accurately and reliably over time, giving easier starting when hot or cold, and in short, gives a significantly better drive. After fixing several previous owner caused wiring issues had a full tuneup, it ran fantastically. The four door version was replaced in 1994 with.
To most Americans, it would seem that the Biturbo ruined Maserati. But at the time, the Italian automaker was actually quite a smart company, and for a time, it was considered a business success. Turbochargers The first Biturbos were equipped with turbochargers which were cooled solely by the engine's oil lubrification system. This example is a one-owner car, having remained in the same ownership since new. The interior was equally sumptuous and driver-focused. The 2 liter version featured wet aluminium sleeves coated with. The aesthetic results are devastating especially on cars that have a full leather interior, where the sides of the seats, finished in imitation leather, become ruined.
In 1985 this allowed the 2. For this reason, in the event of a component failure, it always best to first check if there is any electrical contact, that usually works again with the restoration of a good contact. Serious performance back then, especially from a small 2. A 3-speed automatic transmission was available as an option, virtually unavailable on the Italian market. Starting from the main fuse box, located behind the glove box, through the relays and finishing at the single switches, all are prone to oxidation, with the consequent increase in electrical resistance within the circuit, overheated electrical contacts, and broken circuit. It was meant as the most extreme extension of the Biturbo line, with a brand-new 32-valve dual-overhead-cam twin turbocharged V8 of 3.
The Biturbo was an entire generation of Maserati, a whole chapter in the marque's tumultuous and often controversial history. There was a Biturbo S version for 1983 as well, making 205bhp in carb'd 2. Biturbos soldiered on with downright pathetic sales until after 1991 when, following a year when Maserati sold only 12 cars to U. While it looks quite clean and tidy under the hood, I have noticed that one of the hoses is missing off the cabin ventilation system. While often derided as the cheap, boxy Maserati of the 1980's, the Biturbo was really a full range of exciting cars with explosive personalities. The following year, Maserati brought out a version of the Biturbo, simply called the Racing, which had a 283 hp version of this 24-valve 2.
The firewall and tunnel were enlarged so the larger engine and transmission could fit. The carburettor cars, when tuned correctly, have a sound and response much more rewarding than the injection models, albeit with some annoying habits. The Biturbo was a two-door, four-seater featuring, as the name implies, a two-litre V-6 engine with two of somewhat smaller dimensions than the E21 cars of the time and a luxurious interior. The Spyder had a shorter wheelbase than the earlier coupe and seats for only 2 people, but the mechanicals were much the same. Tyres Tyres can also be a source of concern for Biturbo owners. Interestingly enough, fuel management was by a single Weber carburetor, there were 3 valves per cylinder, and Maserati didn't see fit to include an intercooler heat exchanger in the setup, but hey - no one gets everything right the first time, do they? Each turbo feeds 4 cylinders on each bank. The solution is either to replace the whole part, or, if the condition of the internal surface will allow, a simple overhaul by replacing the rubber seals.
Sales were so dismal that Maserati was driven out of the U. As if that wasn't enough, Maserati put together 60 special Ghibli's - called Ghibli Cups. While it looked great, the cabin was assembled mostly from low-quality materials. The coupe was back for 1987, and fuel injection was added. New owner Alejandro de Tomaso had a vision to bring the Italian marque back from the brink of bankruptcy — and he mostly succeed.
This explains how the Biturbo was launched onto the market powered by a technically sophisticated V6 engine, with innovative solutions, such as the 3-valve per cylinder valvetrain and power via 2 turbochargers, but also with rather traditional mechanics, independent MacPherson strut front suspension, trailing arm rear suspension and front anti-roll bar. The Biturbo's power delivery was somewhat uncontrollable. Maserati North America strives to ensure that its website is accessible to individuals with disabilities. Versions: Model Years Engine Displacement Power Fuel system Notes Biturbo 1982-85 V6 ohc 1995 cc 180 hp , Only Italy Biturbo E 1983-85 V6 ohc 2491 cc 185 hp carburetor, turbo Biturbo S 1983-85 V6 ohc 1995 cc 205 hp carburetor, turbo Only Italy Biturbo 2. There were a few special offerings, as well as the continuance of the Biturbo line in Europe up to 1994.
In Conclusion With this guide, without any presumption of it being comprehensive, we hope to have provided a useful overview of items that the Biturbo enthusiast would do well to take note of. By Daniel Vaughan Jul 2008 To most car enthusiasts, especially ones from America, the word 'Biturbo' refers only to a single model by the company Maserati. Fuel injection was now standard across the line. Were you expecting a Mercedes Benz? Maintenance of the carburettor cars is certainly easier, one can take it to any good mechanic, compared to the electronic fuel injection system, which requires special diagnostic equipment. Thanks also to Roger Harrison for his help with the translation. The Biturbo name disappeared with update in 1988 and after 1994 was introduced.
Sales figures fell in subsequent years, until de Tomaso sold the company out to. You can apply directly on our website www. The sedans continued on as well. We can exclude the Spyder, the 2. Maserati introduced another variant on the Biturbo theme in 1986, with the 228.